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P1-A: Matters for crises: Asian enterprises in the mining sector of Africa

Central Africa is one of the richest areas relating to geological resources on the African continent. Several national mining strategies conclude that mining is one of the key industries for future economic development in the sub-region. Commodities distribution, stakeholders and their interrelationships have been comprehensively studied during the AFRASO sub-project (2013-2017) by manifold case studies from Cameroon and in Central African Republic. It has been shown that government owned and private Asian investors systematically gained more influence in the commodities markets over the last 5-10 years. In the second project phase these empirical findings are being further consolidated by organizing an “Afrasia Stakeholder and Commodities Conference” in 2018 in Yaoundé (Cameroon) that underpins general validity and strengthens ownership of local actors. Finally, an “Afrasian stakeholder’s model” will be set up to transform empirical findings to an abstract, theory based level.

AFRASO field work: stakeholder dialogues in the rapidly growing African mining sector (J. Runge)

 

Further reading:

Nguepjouo, D. & J. Runge (in press, 2017): The Perceptions of Local Stakeholders of the Preponderance of Asians in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) in Cameroon. – A. Graf & A. Hashim (eds.): African-Asian Encounters, New Cooperations and New Dependencies. International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS), Publications, Amsterdam University, pp. 47-77.

Nguepjouo, D. & J. Runge (2014): Geological resources, Nature of Mining and Interest of Asian Companies to Invest in Cameroon and Central African Republic (CAR). – Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie, Teil I, Heft 1: pp. 75-93.

Runge, J. & J. Shikwati (2011): Geological Resources and Good Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa. Holistic Approaches to Transparency and Sustainable Development in the Extractive Sector. – Taylor & Francis Publ. UK, pp. 1-292.

Kontakt: 

Ort: 

Involvierte AFRASO Mitglieder: 

S1-C: Afrikanische, asiatische und internationale Akteure im zentralafrikanischen Minensektor (Kamerun und Zentralafrikanische Republik)

Übersicht: 

Zentralafrika gehört hinsichtlich geologischer Ressourcen zu den reichsten Gebieten auf dem Kontinent. Zahlreiche nationale Visionen und Strategien zum Minensektor betonen die Bedeutung von Bergbau, Forst- und Landwirtschaft für zukünftige wirtschaftliche Entwicklungen innerhalb der Teilregion. Rohstoffverbreitung und Akteure wurden durch das AFRASO Teilprojekt S1-C (2013-2016) an zahlreichen Fallbeispielen in Kamerun und der Zentralafrikanischen Republik untersucht. Es konnte gezeigt werden, dass in den letzten 5-10 Jahren der Einfluss asiatischer Investoren im Bergbausektor systematisch gewachsen ist. In der Schlussphase des Teilprojektes sollen die empirischen Ergebnisse systematisiert und materialisiert werden. Dies erfolgt mittels einer vom Teilprojekt veranstalteten „Afrasischen Akteurs- und Rohstoffkonferenz“ in Brazzaville oder in Yaoundé, die einerseits die generelle Gültigkeit der Forschungsergebnisse überprüft, und die lokale Eigentümerschaft (ownership) der betroffenen Akteure stärkt. Schließlich wird ein „Afrasian stakeholder model“ entwickelt, dass die empirischen AFRASO Erkenntnisse auf ein abstraktes Niveau hebt.

Foto: Prof. Dr.  Jürgen Runge

Foto: Prof. Dr. Jürgen Rungen

Foto: Prof. Dr. Jürgen Runge

Kontakt: 

Ort: 

Involvierte AFRASO Mitglieder: 

AFRASO Publications

Nguepjouo, Diderot & Jürgen Runge ; 2014 ; Geological resources, nature of mining and interest of Asian companies to invest in Cameroon and Central African Republic (CAR) ; Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie ; Teil 1 (1) ; 195–213

Talks and Lectures

Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; Involvement's Strategies of Asian actors in the Central African Mining Sector ; Wednesday, April 16, 2014 ; Hamburg
Runge, Jürgen ; Going for Gold - Naturraum, Nutzungspotentiale und Konflikte in Zentralafrika (Kamerun, ZAR) ; Monday, December 7, 2015 ; Gießener Geographische Gesellschaft (GGG), Gießen
Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; Geographical Subproject on African, Asian, and International Actors in the Central African Mining Sector ; Thursday, June 13, 2013 ; Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; African, Asian, and International Actors in the Central African Mining Sector ; Saturday, June 29, 2013 ; Universität Jena
Runge, Jürgen and Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; African, Asian and international actors in the Central African mining sector. ; Wednesday, March 12, 2014 ; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Nguepjouo, Diderot ; African geological resources and the Millennium Development Goals: the case of Cameroon ; Friday, June 26, 2015 ; Frankfurt a. M.

S1-C: African, Asian and International Actors in Central African Mining Sector (Cameroon & Central Africa Republic)

Übersicht: 

Central Africa is one of the richest areas relating to geological resources on the continent. Several national mining visions and strategies conclude that mining, forestry and agriculture are the key industries for future economic development in the sub-region. Commodities distribution and stakeholders as well as their interrelationships have been comprehensively studied within the physical-geography AFRASO sub-project S1-C between 2013-2016 by manifold show cases in Cameroon and in Central African Republic. In July 2016, the third AFRASO documentary film will give a profound insight into living and working conditions of artisanal miners and the Asian influence. The film will be presented to the public during the third international AFRASO conference in Frankfurt in September 2016. The ongoing field mapping and stakeholder analysis within the sub-project highlights the increasing dominance of Asian actors in professional and artisanal mining in Central Africa. This will be used to set up a general stakeholder's model for the extractive sector.

During this project – which was consequently underpinned by the on-site fieldwork of a Cameroonian PhD candidate – it was found out that government owned and private Asian investors systematically gained more influence in this sector over the last 5–10 years. The other objective of the sub-project’s ongoing activities is to materialize these findings by organizing an “Afrasia Stakeholder and Commodities Conference” in Yaoundé in 2018 to focus on the general validity and to strengthen ownership of local actors, and finally, setting up an “Afrasian stakeholder’s model” to transform empirical AFRASO findings on an abstraction level.

Picture taken by Prof. Dr. Jürgen Runge

Picture taken by Prof. Dr. Jürgen Runge

Picture taken by Prof. Dr.  Jürgen Runge

 

Kontakt: 

Ort: 

Involvierte AFRASO Mitglieder: 

AFRASO Publications

Nguepjouo, Diderot & Jürgen Runge ; 2014 ; Geological resources, nature of mining and interest of Asian companies to invest in Cameroon and Central African Republic (CAR) ; Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie ; Teil 1 (1) ; 195–213

Talks and Lectures

Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; Involvement's Strategies of Asian actors in the Central African Mining Sector ; Wednesday, April 16, 2014 ; Hamburg
Runge, Jürgen ; Going for Gold - Naturraum, Nutzungspotentiale und Konflikte in Zentralafrika (Kamerun, ZAR) ; Monday, December 7, 2015 ; Gießener Geographische Gesellschaft (GGG), Gießen
Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; Geographical Subproject on African, Asian, and International Actors in the Central African Mining Sector ; Thursday, June 13, 2013 ; Goethe-Universität Frankfurt
Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; African, Asian, and International Actors in the Central African Mining Sector ; Saturday, June 29, 2013 ; Universität Jena
Runge, Jürgen and Diderot Nguepjouo Megaptche ; African, Asian and international actors in the Central African mining sector. ; Wednesday, March 12, 2014 ; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Nguepjouo, Diderot ; African geological resources and the Millennium Development Goals: the case of Cameroon ; Friday, June 26, 2015 ; Frankfurt a. M.